Sydney is Australia's oldest and largest city, home of about 5 million people. It is Australia's most important industrial city and the capital of New South Wales . Sydney’s harbour is one of the most beautiful in the world. Harbour Bridge and the Opera House are among the famous tourist attractions.
Sydney was , at first, a prison colony back in 1788. At that time many nations sent criminals to faraway places. The first prisoners were farmers and started raising sheep. In 1848 Great Britain stopped sending prisoners to Australia and a few years later gold was discovered . Sydney started to grow very quickly. By 1890 the population was about 400,000. During the 20th century many European immigrants arrived and turned Sydney into a multi-cultural city.
Downtown Sydney has many skyscrapers and office buildings, but there are also many historic buildings and parks , in which Sydneysiders can spend their free time. Many people like outdoor activities because the city has a mild climate. Sydney offers its people long beaches that attract swimmers, surfers and sunbathers .
Downtown Sydney with its famous Opera House
Sydney is a major industrial city. One third of all products made in Australia come from Sydney. The city has a wool and food market because there are many farms nearby.
In 2000, Sydney was the host of the Olympic Summer Games. A lot of money was spent on rebuilding roads and other buildings. New stadiums were built and many parts of the city were restored and modernized.
Opening ceremony of the 2000 Summer Olympic Games
The Australian Grand Prix in Melbourne
Australia’s parliament meets at Canberra. Many government buildings and other offices are situated here too. About half of the city’s people work for the government. Others work in smaller industries, trade and tourism.
Parliament House in Canberra